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O CASTENDO

TERRAS DE PENALVA ONDE «A LIBERDADE É A COMPREENSÃO DA NECESSIDADE»

O CASTENDO

TERRAS DE PENALVA ONDE «A LIBERDADE É A COMPREENSÃO DA NECESSIDADE»

EUA - Partidos Políticos

    Todos nós ouvimos falar de dois partidos que dominam a cena política americana. É aquilo a que se chama um sistema de dois partidos.

Fui espiolhar um pouco mais, até porque, neste momento, para além dos dois candidatos dos Partidos Democrático e Republicano, já foram anunciadas mais duas candidaturas: uma Independente e outra do Partido Libertário.
Em próximo e-mail informarei sobre este assunto.
Por agora, deixo-vos umas listas que, na minha opinião, têm o interesse de espicaçar a nossa curiosidade.

                                            

A. PARTIDOS QUE TIVERAM CANDADATOS EM 2004 E QUE TERÃO EM 2008
  1. Republican Party
  2. Democratic Party
  3. Libertarian Party
  4. Constitution Party
  5. Green Party
B. OUTROS PARTIDOS QUE NOMEARAM CANDIDATOS EM ELEIÇÕES RECENTES
  1. America First Party (2002)
  2. Centrist Party (2006)
  3. Independence Party of America (2007)
  4. Jefferson Republic Party
  5. Moderate Party (2006)
  6. Marijuana Party (2002)
  7. Party for Socialism and Liberation (2006)
  8. Peace and Freedom Party (1967)
  9. Prohibition Party (1867)
  10. Reform Party of the USA (1995)
  11. Socialist Equality Party (1953)
  12. Socialist Party USA (1973)
  13. Socialist Workers Party (1938)
  14. Workers World Party (1959)
  15. Working Families Party (1998)
  16. United Clingon and Syborge Rights Party (1969)
C. OUTROS PARTIDOS QUE NÃO NOMEARAM CANDIDATOS EM RECENTES ELEIÇÕES
  1. American Centrist Party (2004))
  2. American Party (1969)
  3. American Patriot Party (2003)
  4. American Heritage Party (2000)
  5. American Reform Party (1997)
  6. Christian Falangist Party of America (1985)
  7. Communist Party USA (1919)
  8. Democratic Socialists of America
  9. Freedom Road Socialist Organization (1985)
  10. Independent American Party (1998)
  11. Labor Party (1995)
  12. Libertarian National Socialist Green Party (1997)
  13. National Socialist Movement (1974)
  14. New American Independent Party (2004)
  15. New Black Panther Party (1989)
  16. New Union Party (1974)
  17. Personal Choice Party (1997)
  18. Populist Party of America (2002)
  19. Progressive Labor Party
  20. Ray O. Light Group (1961)
  21. Revolutionary Communist Party USA
  22. Social Democratic Party of America (2007)
  23. Socialist Action (1983)
  24. Socialist Alternative (1986)
  25. Socialist Labor Party (1876)
  26. Unity08 (2006)
  27. Workers Party USA
  28. World Socialist Party of the United States (1916)
D. PARTIDOS REGIONAIS QUE NOMEARAM CANDIDATOS
  1. Alaskan Independence Party
  2. Aloha Aina Party
  3. American Independent Party
  4. Charter Party of Cincinnati, Ohio
  5. Connecticut for Lieberman Party
  6. Conservative Party of New York
  7. Covenant Party
  8. Expansionist Party
  9. Independence Party of Minnesota
  10. Independent Citizens Movement (US Virgin Islands)
  11. Liberal Party of Minnesota
  12. Liberal Party of New York
  13. Liberty Union Party (Vermont)
  14. Marijuana Reform Party (New Yoork)
  15. New Jersey Conservative Party
  16. New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico
  17. New York State Right to Life Party
  18. Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico
  19. Populis Party of Maryland (Nader, candidato em 2004)
  20. Puerto Rican Independence Party
  21. Republican Moderate Party of Alaska
  22. Southern Party
  23. The Center Party
  24. United Party (Idaho)
  25. United Citizens Party (South Carolina)
  26. Vermont Progressive Party
  27. Working Families Party (New York & Connecticut)
E. PARTIDOS HISTÓRICOS QUE DEIXARAM DE EXISTIR
  1. Federalist Party (1789-1820)
  2. Democratic-Republican Party (1792-1824)
  3. Anti-Masonic Party (1826-1838)
  4. National Republican Party (1829-1833)
  5. Nullifier Party (1830-1839)
  6. Whig Party (1833-1856)
  7. Liberty Party (1840-1848)
  8. Law and Order Party of Rhode Island (1840s)
  9. Free Soil Party (1848-1855)
  10. Anti-Nabraska Party (1854)
  11. American Republican Party (1843-1854)
  12. American Party ("Know Nothings") (1854-1858)
  13. Opposition Party (1854-1858)
  14. Constitutional Union Party (1860)
  15. National Union Party (1864-1868)
  16. Readjuster Party (1870-1885)
  17. Liberal Republican Party (1872)
  18. Greenback Party (1874-1884)
  19. Anti-Monopoly Party (1884)
  20. Populist Party (1892-1908)
  21. Silver Party (1892-1902)
  22. National Democratic Party / Gold Democrats (1896-1900)
  23. Silver Republican Party (1896-1900)
  24. Social Democratic Party (1900-1901)
  25. Home Rule Party of Hawaii (1900-1912)
  26. Socialist Party of America (1901-1973)
  27. Independence Party (or Independence League) (1906-1914)
  28. Progressive Party 1912 (Bull Mosey Party) (1906-1914)
  29. National Woman's Party (1913-1930)
  30. Non-Partisan League (1915-1956)
  31. Farmer-Labor Party (1918-1944)
  32. Progressive Party 1924 (1924)
  33. Communist League of America (1928-1934)
  34. American Workers Party (1933-1934)
  35. Workers Party of the United States (1934-1938)
  36. Union Party (1936)
  37. American Labor Party (1936-1956)
  38. America First Party (1944-1946)
  39. State's Rights Democratic Party (Dixiecrats) (1948)
  40. Progressive Party 1948 (1948-1955)
  41. Vegetarin Party (1948-1964)
  42. Constitution Party (United States 50s) (1952-1968)
  43. American Nazi Party (1959-1967)
  44. Puerto Rican Socialist Party (1959-1993)
  45. Mississipi Freedom Democratic Party (1964)
  46. Balck Panther Party (1966-1970s)
  47. Communist Workers Party (1969-1985)
  48. People's Party (1971-1976)
  49. U. S. Labor Party (1975-1979)
  50. Concerned Citizens Party (1975-1992)
  51. Citizens Party (1979-1984)
  52. New Alliance Party (1979-1992)
  53. Populist Party of 1980s-1990s (1984-1994)
  54. Looking Back Party (1984-1996)
  55. Grassroots Party (1986-2004)
  56. Independent Party of Utah (1988-1996)
  57. Greens / Green Party USA (1991-2005)
  58. New Party (1992-1998)
  59. Natural Law Party (1992-2004)
  60. Mountain Party (2000-2007)
  61. Christian Freedom Party (2004)
E, se foram capazes de chegar até aqui, digam lá se a realidade não ultrapassa em muito a imaginação!...
                     
Fernando
                    

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